Uses For Buprenorphine
Buprenorphine is a medication used to treat opioid addiction in larger doses and to control moderate to severe pain. It is classified as a semi-synthetic opiate. Buprenorphine was originally marketed by Reckitt Benckiser to treat pain in the 1980s but in 2002 the FDA approved variations of the drug, such as Suboxone and Subutex, to be used for long-term replacement therapy for detoxification in patients with opioid dependency. The Drug Treatment Act in 2000 repealed many Supreme Court rulings, making it possible for medical professionals to prescribe opioids to manage addiction and short-term detoxification. Since 2002, Suboxone and Subutex are the main uses of buprenorphine after the FDA approved them for opiate withdrawal and drug dependency. Buprenorphine is also used to control chronic pain that is not associated with a neuralgic component.
Different dosages of the medication are used to treat specific pain needs. For opiate addiction doctors prescribe larger doses, but for moderate chronic pain, doctors prescribe this drug in lower doses. Buprenorphine binds itself to receptors in the brain more aggressively than abused opiates, which blocks endorphins, making it extremely difficult for the abuser to obtain that euphoric feeling from the opiate. Buprenorphine can come in a variety of forms. Some of the these variations are Subutex, Suboxone, Temgesic, Buprenex , Norspan and Butrans. Most of the buprenorphine treatments are administered sublingually because of its fast acting process and to reduce the risk of opiate abusers using it intravenously.
Compared to Methadone, Buprenorphine has been found to treat opiate withdrawal and addiction far more successfully because patients are able to take the medicine once every 2-3 days instead of the daily dose that methadone requires. Medical professionals are also permitted to prescribe patients a thirty-day take home dose of Buprenorphine as opposed to Methadone daily clinic visits, which greatly decrease the addicts chances of continuing the program. Buprenorphine also has a lower chance of addiction than methadone. Methadone is more mentally and physically addicting, making the patient more inclined to use during the withdrawal process. Treatment centers choose to administer drugs like Suboxone instead of Methadone because Buprenorphine does not have as strong as euphoric side effects as methadone. Although Buprenorphine is more expensive, methadone is generally more of a hassle to obtain, which makes it easier to pay for buprenorphine.
All drugs prescribed during detox are determined by our medical staff upon admission and after a comprehensive medical examination.